COVID-19 vaccination in the WHO African Region – Monthly bulletin, March 2022 – Algeria


Summary

Since the deployment of the multi-partner country support teams in January 2022, good progress has been made in the uptake and uptake of vaccines in the African Region.
Of the countries that reported an increase in vaccination coverage in February and/or March, Mozambique, Ethiopia,
Uganda, Kenya and Ghana recorded the highest increase in vaccination coverage. In February and March 2022, Ethiopia implemented the second round of a mass vaccination campaign, which further boosted COVID-19 vaccination coverage in the country, with an increase in the number of people receiving their second dose, more people starting with their first dose and increased uptake. booster doses.
Two countries, Seychelles and Mauritius, have surpassed the target of 70% of the population fully immunized by the end of December 2021. Four countries – Rwanda, Botswana, Cabo Verde and Mozambique – are on track to reach this goal, having vaccinated between 40% and 70% of their population by the end of December 2021.
However, challenges remain. In the African Region, 12.8% of the population were fully immunized as of 27 March 2022 (10.2% at the end of February 2022), compared to 57.5% globally. Thirteen countries have yet to surpass 10% of their population fully immunized, including two of the most populous countries in the Region (Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
The COVAX facility continues to be the main source of vaccines delivered in the African Region, accounting for 68% of doses received.
The absorption rate of the vaccines received remains globally sub-optimal, with only 54.9% of doses administered out of the quantity received. Twenty-four countries out of 46 (52%) administered less than 50% of the doses received. Vaccine doses administered increased by 23% in February 2022 compared to January 2022, but in March 2022 the number of vaccine doses administered decreased by 35%.
On average, 8,271,347 doses were administered per week in March 2022 compared to 12,734,357 doses per week in February 2022.
The Region needs to multiply by twelve the number of weekly doses to be administered from April 2022 to June 2022 to continue moving towards the 70% target.
Thirty-one out of 46 countries reported expired doses. The percentage of expired doses of all doses received was 1.7% among the 31 countries and 0.9% in the African Region as a whole.
Thanks to mass vaccination campaigns, nine countries out of the 20 priority countries in the WHO African Region recorded an increase in doses administered in February 2022 (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Sudan South, Ghana, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania). However, only three continued to register an increase in vaccination coverage in March 2022 (Ghana, Cameroon and South Sudan) in addition to Mozambique, Mali and Burundi. This shows the need to maintain the momentum of vaccination between mass vaccination campaigns. It is essential that countries intensify activities to promote the continued use of health facility vaccination sites, as well as the implementation of the provider-initiated vaccination approach in health facilities. In January 2022, WHO, UNICEF and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, launched the COVID-19 Vaccine Delivery Partnership (CoVDP) as an inter-agency initiative. This will build on existing resources at global, regional and national level to accelerate immunization coverage in countries that need support the most. CoVDP follows the principles of one country team, one plan, one budget and one support team. In March 2022, in-depth country calls were held with Nigeria, Ethiopia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burkina Faso, Nigeria and Sierra Leone to discuss issues related to urgent funding requests and identify funding sources, improve operational planning and improve immunization service delivery. The first quarter of 2022 has shown improvements in vaccine uptake and coverage in the Region, which is benefiting from the deployment of WHO AFRO multi-partner country support teams, which began in January 2022. Although challenges remain, this initiative, together with CoVDP , promises to continue to improve vaccine uptake and use and bring more countries in the Region closer to the 70% target.

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